British parents of Florence Nightingale were traveling when she was
born. In fact, they were in Florence, Italy on May 12, 1820, hence,
Florence Nightingale. Her sister was named Parthenope. Her mother
taught them social graces. Her father schooled them at home in
mathematics, philosophy, Greek, and Latin. The sisters were presented
to Queen Victoria and British society, but Florence knew she would
devote her life in the service of others. She studied in France and
Germany and though her family had objected to her hospital work, she
became superintendent of a woman's hospital in London.
Her work in the crimean war changed
hospital administration and nursing throughout the world. She walked
four miles of the Turkish barrack halls at night, carrying a lamp to
check on the sick soldiers. They called her the "Lady with the
Lamp". Upon her return to London, she immediately founded the
Nightingale Home for Nurses.
after the American Civil War began, Clara Barton helped the wounded men
on the battlefields and brought them supplies. She became known as "The
Angel of the Battlefield". Finally, in 1864 she was appointed as
superintendent of nurses for the Army of the James.
years later she founded the American Red Cross and held the role of
president for over 20 years. She was responsible for expanding
Red Cross work into areas of disasters such as Florida's 1877
Yellow-fever epidemic and the 1889 Jamestown, PA flood. She organized
relief for the Russian and Armenian famines and the 1900 Galveston
Barton was born on December 25, 1821, near Oxford Mass. She became the
first woman clerk in the U. S. Patent office in 1854. She wrote several
books including "The Red Cross in Peace and War".
Nightingale and Clara Barton